Overcoming Drought in the Dry Season for Farmers – The current season is already highly unpredictable. Farmers are losing more and more ways to preserve their agricultural products in order to remain profitable. It is said that sometimes it does not even rain during the rainy season, but when it appears to be entering the dry season, it begins to rain.
These things are beyond our human control. Climate change is already occurring due to multiple factors. It is extremely challenging to return. As adaptable human beings, farmers are capable of overcoming this obstacle.
When a lack of precipitation causes drought, farmers must employ a variety of strategies to combat it. How to? Here are some agricultural drought management strategies:
Through the use of Pompanization and pipanization
First, a pump or a pipe can be used. Utilizing pumps, water can be extracted from water sources surrounding agricultural land. Using this water pump, you can still obtain water during the dry season. This pump is powered by an electric or diesel engine to redirect the flow of water from a river to agricultural land that may be located too high to be manually drained.
The piping system must also be carefully considered so that it can drain river or lake water from far away and transport it to the farm. This pipe is typically utilized collectively by numerous farmers.
PLN electric pumps and diesel pumps are the most commonly used pump systems, but solar water pumps can also be utilized. This pump is powered by solar panels that convert sunlight into electricity. so that you do not have to purchase fuel daily or pay electricity bills monthly.
Construction of Long Storage or Embung
In addition to using pumps and pipes, it is possible to construct reservoirs using either collective funds from farmers or government funds. Additionally, the current government facilitates the construction of dams for the benefit of Indonesian farmers.
The purpose of this dam is to store a substantial amount of water during the rainy season. So as to prevent the waste of rainwater, Farmers can then use the water in the reservoir during the dry season. Small ditches or pipes can be used to move water from the reservoir to help with the drought.
Conducting Well Drilling Construction:
In addition, the construction of boreholes can be utilized to combat the drought. These drilled wells can reach depths of 100 meters or more and naturally extract water from the ground. For long-term and regular use, however, the high cost of installing this tool can be recouped as it provides a greater return on investment.
You can use a pump to bring groundwater to the surface. Consequently, electricity is required. However, there are currently pumps that use more efficient solar energy sources in addition to PLN electricity.
Participate In Insurance For Rice Farming
The next step is to enroll in an insurance program, specifically rice farming insurance or AUTP. If you purchase this insurance and your harvest is ruined by drought, you will be compensated. This is extremely beneficial if the land frequently experiences drought. If your agricultural land is 70% or more parched, you will be compensated up to $6 million per hectare.
Utilizing Multiple Organic Methods and Avoiding Harmful Chemicals
Additionally, you should avoid using various materials that are essentially hazardous chemicals. This occurs frequently due to the widespread use of pesticides and chemical fertilizers. Replace synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and other chemicals with organic materials. Soil exposed to multiple types of hazardous materials will eventually lose organic matter, causing the soil to become weak and unable to store rainwater.